Last Revised: 12/13/2013
In Order to Keep Answers Brief only DCR references will be provided
You should have a DCR available for reference.
Indoor Rules (DCR), Casebook, Interpretations The Official Rules for Download
[accordion auto_height="false" ui_theme="ui-smoothness" collapsible="1" active="false"][accordion_panel title='FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT OFFICIATING']Used to answer Frequently Asked Questions about Rules and Officiating
If you have a question please submit to HOA Officials Chair
*-*-*-*-*[/accordion_panel][accordion_panel title='Must Exposed Sports Bra Straps Seen Through The Collar Be Identical Color???']NO!!!
If undergarments, including but not limited to T-shirts, boxer shorts, tights, leotards, body suits, bicycle shorts, sports bras, etc., are worn in such a manner that they are exposed, they will be considered a part of the uniform. In that case, they must be similar and the same color for any team members (except the Libero) who wear such a uniform. Socks and sport shoes are not part of the uniform.
Spirit of the Rule
The rule was intended to prevent players from wearing different color undergarments such as Long Sleeve T-Shirts under jerseys where a significant potion of the undergarment is exposed.
So in this instance the bra is not exposed, just the straps.
Situations that would require identical color undergarments
would include, but not limited to:
- Exposed sports bras under a Tank-Top, sleeveless, deep V-neck jersey, where the body of the bra is exposed.
- T-Shirts where the body of the T-shirt is exposed.
Referees are expected to use reasonable judgement and apply the spirit of the rule when making rulings concerning Exposed Undergarments
If there is any question about the uniform
please contact the Region Officials Chair firstname.lastname@example.org
*-*-*-*-*[/accordion_panel][accordion_panel title='2013-2014 Rule Clarification-(Net Violation & Centerline)']2013-2014 Net and Centerline Faults Clarified.
What is a net fault?
Contact with the net that interferes with play.
DCR 11.3.1 – DCR 11.4.4
Examples of some net faults
- Touching the top band of the net or the top 80 cm (2′ 7.49″) of the antenna during his/her action of playing the ball. In order to be playing the ball, the ball must be there!!!
(ex: A right side block may touch the top band of the net and may not be at fault if the ball is set to the left side.)
- Taking support from the net simultaneously with playing the ball (ex: leaning on the net while settting)
- Creating an advantage over the opponent (ex: pulling the net down to lower it while hitting
- Making actions which hinder an opponent’s legitimate attempt to play the ball.(ex: deflecting a ball on the opponent’s side by letting the net hit the player’s hands)
When is crossing the centerline a fault?
Two issues to consider
- Interference: Preventing or hindering an opponent from legitimately playing the ball
- Safety Hazard: Presenting a safety hazard for the opponents
DCR USAV 11.2.2
If the encroaching body part is in contact or directly above the centerline consider only interference
If the encroaching body part is completely across the centerline consider both interference and safety hazard
*-*-*-*-*[/accordion_panel][accordion_panel title='2013-2014 Rule Clarification-(Jewelry)']For Adults
Jewelry which may cause an injury or give an artificial advantage to the player are prohibited
Absolutely no jewelry may be worn.
Religious or medical medallions must be removed from any chains and sewn or taped under the uniform.
Do not tape over anything. Take it off!
Please tell everyone.
*-*-*-*-*[/accordion_panel][accordion_panel title='Which Ball is Legal for 12 and Under Competition']USAV 3.1 and USAV 3.2
While the rules says National Championships and nationally sanctioned competition, HOA has adopted this rule for all 12 and Under play
Examples of Legal Volleyballs
*-*-*-*-*[/accordion_panel][accordion_panel title="Officiating Myths and Fallacies"]COMMON MYTHS AND FALLACIES
FALSE 1. If a coach is shadowing (providing instruction) to a junior official, they are permitted to whistle violations.
The coach should not have a whistle!!!
FALSE 2. Only the 2nd referee may whistle net violations.
FALSE 3. A decision cannot be changed if 15 seconds have elapsed
FALSE 4. Touching the top of the net is always a fault.
FALSE 5. As a coach I have the right to question the official’s decision.
FALSE 6. The visual scoreboard can be used as grounds for a protest.
*-*-*-*-*[/accordion_panel][accordion_panel title="Questionable Officiating Advice"]I just received some officiating advice or instruction that either confuses me or which is questionable. What should I do?
The final authority for all rules interpretations and officiating issues in the Heart of America Region is the Officials Chair.
Please direct any questions or issues to:
*-*-*-*-*[/accordion_panel][accordion_panel title="Head Coach Questions"]This post addresses questions concerning head coaches Including rights and responsibilities of head coaches
1. Can a coach stand and approach the court???
DCR 18.104.22.168 – DCR USAV 22.214.171.124 – DCR pg 128 3.
2. What can the head coach request from the officials?
DCR 126.96.36.199 Time-outs and and substitutions;
DCR USAV 5.2.3: Verify the positions of the teams (lineup Checks)
3. Can the head coach file a protest?
NO!!! Only the game captain. For 14U competition, the head coach also acts as the team/game captain.
DCR 5.1.2 – DCR 188.8.131.52 – USAV 184.108.40.206
If the protest is incorrectly requested, the matter cannot be addressed and no further recourse is available.
4. Can the head coach address the scorer concerning scoring issues.
NO!!! All issues must be addressed to the 2nd Referee
As junior coaches we often forget that and address the scorer directly.
We should make every effort to refrain from this.
Additionally, we should instruct our scorekeepers to politely redirect any questions to the 2nd Referee.
*-*-*-*-*[/accordion_panel][accordion_panel title="Assistant Coach Questions"]This post answers questions about assistant coaches.
1. How many assistant coaches are permitted on a team?
A maximum of 4 assuming no other staff members.
DCR USAV 4.1.1:b
2. Can assistant coaches stand all the time?
YES but only 1 asst may stand up at a given time!!!
DCR USAV 5.3.1
3. Can the asst. coaches talk to the officials?
DCR 5.3.1 – DCR USAV 5.3.1
4. Can an asst. coach replace the head coach.
YES – If the coach is forced to leave and the 1st referee authorizes it
For junior competition – The assistant must be IMPACT certified.
*-*-*-*-*[/accordion_panel][accordion_panel title="Junior Warm-Up Protocol"]Exclusive use of the court
DCR USAV 7.2.2b
For junior competition, when one team has exclusive use of the court, the other team must either be at its team bench or out of the playing area.
While not required, HOA is requesting that teams shag for each during the exclusive times
Warming up with balls at the team bench or in the spectator walkways is not permitted.
*-*-*-*-*[/accordion_panel][accordion_panel title="HOA Serving Rules for Court Step-In for 10,11,12 & Under Competition"]In 12, 11, 10 & Under Competition, may servers step into the court to serve?
YES: For all Silver and Bronze competition within the HOA Region.
This is no longer optional
HOA is allowing 12 and under players to serve from inside the end line by as much as 2 meters (6 feet 6 inches).
This allow servers the opportunity to have more successful serves.
A line must be drawn/taped 2 meters from the endline to indicate the service fault line
NO: For all Gold competition within the HOA Region
All Gold HOA events, National Qualifier and National Championship competition the service must be completed in the service zone.
*-*-*-*-*[/accordion_panel][accordion_panel title="Scoring Table and Line Judges"]HOA Food, Drink, Electronic Device Policy
This is a reminder that all scorekeeper tables need to be clear of any food and drinks.
Referees, scorers and line judges cannot be using Ipods/mp3 players or cellphones during matches. The coach of the officiating team is responsible that officiating duties are taken seriously and the whole officiating crew is focused on the task at hand.
*-*-*-*-*[/accordion_panel][accordion_panel title="Do teams switch sides in a deciding set (3rd, 5th, one set playoff)?"]Yes
There is no option on switching sides in USAV.
Switch at 13 in a 25 pt set.
If the set is played with less than 25 pts,
switch when half the points (+1 for odd numbers) have been scored.
Set has 19 pts — Switch after one team has scored 10 pts
Scoreboard started at 6-6 switch at 16
*-*-*-*-*[/accordion_panel][accordion_panel title="Can my Team be Penalized for our Fan's Behavior?"]YES!!!
HOA has a Fan Behavior Policy which will be strictly enforced.
Any disruptive fan behavior incidents must be reported to the HOA office,
by the Tournament Director, in writing, within 48 hours.
During a match if the officials determine that a team has (a) disruptive fan(s).
Communicate to the captain or coach that there is disruptive fan behavior which needs to cease immediately.
The official will direct the captain/coach to inform their fan(s) that this behavior needs to cease immediately.
This will be considered the team’s first official warning and is sanctioned as a team delay.
If a team delay has already been issued then this team delay will be a team delay penalty (TYC).
Strongly encourage the captain/coach to have their disruptive fan(s) leave the gym to avoid further incident.
This is sanctioned as a team delay penalty (TYC) since the 1st incident resulted in a team delay.
Play is suspended immediately!
The offending team will forfeit this set keeping all points won.
Any remaining sets will be forfeit with the offending team scoring no points.
*-*-*-*-*[/accordion_panel][accordion_panel title="How Many Points in a Set?"]All non-deciding sets in USAV play end at 25 or more points (win by 2).
All deciding set are played to 15 starting at 0-0.
All one set playoffs (tie-breakers) should be played to at least the same number of points in pool play non-deciding sets.
See details for sets playing less than 25 points, Example and Score Sheet instructions.
If a set is scheduled to play less than 25 points the set must start with sufficient points to conclude the set at 25.
Format: Pool Play 21 point sets. Elimination play 25 point sets.
Score starts at 4-4.
Draw an hourglass through point 1-4
The score sheet is now ready.
One Set Playoffs:
Tournament Director’s Option
21 point set (start at 4-4), switch sides at 15 or
25 point set (start at 0-0) switch sides at 13.
HOA recommends that one set playoffs be played to the same number of points as elimination play non-deciding sets.
*-*-*-*-*[/accordion_panel][accordion_panel title="I am Confused! Which rules do I use?"]1. HOA modifications; 2. USAV modifications; 3. Domestic Competition Regulations;
1. HOA modifications;
For all HOA region play the HOA Modification overrides any other rules.
2. USAV modifications;
In all regions, The USAV modification, if any, overides the DCR
In the USA Volleyball Domestic Competition Regulations (DCR):
A rule is published, which is essentially the FIVB (international) rule.
If USAV modified the rule it will be written immediately following the DCR rule. It is placed in a box and starts USAV…
3. Domestic Competition Regulations;
The Domestic Competition Regulation will be the applicable rule.
*-*-*-*-*[/accordion_panel][accordion_panel title="Can a player change uniform number during Competition?"]IT DEPENDS
For all Heart of America Region competition
Players may change uniform number between matches of a tournament and must play all games of any given match with the same number.
Exceptions will be made for uniforms soiled with blood.
EX: Player A wears #22 and plays as a normal player in set 1 of the first match.
If player A is to play Libero in game 2, player A must have a contrasting color jersey with #22.
After the first match player A may then switch to any legal number for the next match.
Nationally Sanctioned Events
Nationally sanctioned events require that a player obtain approval from the Championship Committee prior to change uniform number.
*-*-*-*-*[/accordion_panel][accordion_panel title="Does the 2nd Referee conduct the captain's meeting?"]NO
This is the responsibility of the 1st Referee not the 2nd Referee.
If there is a deciding set (3 or 5) then the 2nd referee will conduct the coin toss.
*-*-*-*-*[/accordion_panel][accordion_panel title="Is the point signal used in USAV play?"]NO
The signal is the Team to Serve signal (DCR pg. 93)
If you see anyone signaling with their finger (point) please, in a very nice way, let them know to use the Team to Serve signal
*-*-*-*-*[/accordion_panel][accordion_panel title="For 14 and Under competition; What is the rule on the toss and drop when serving?"]On every service attempt, a player can drop the ball after the toss one time and will get a re-serve
EX: A player goes to serve. The player tosses the ball and drops it. The player gets a re-serve from the 1st Referee. Now the players serves an ace. The same player gets again to serve and again drops the first toss. The player gets again a re-serve from the 1st Referee.
*-*-*-*-*[/accordion_panel][accordion_panel title="Does the 2nd Referee repeat (echo) All signals of the 1st Referee?"]The 2nd Referee will repeat (echo) all signals from the 1st Referee
The 2nd Referee does not echo the service beckon;
The 2nd Referee does not echo the signal if the ball is served into the net;